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Winter 2013-2014

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Bandsawn Tapered Legs

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Bandsawn Tapered Legs

Tips and tricks to make your legs look better and the job go faster

By Tom Caspar


1. Cut riftsawn legs

The riftsawn section of a board makes the best-looking legs. Here, the growth rings run about 45 degrees to the surface. This makes all the leg’s faces look pleasingly similar, with straight grain lines on all sides. By contrast, legs from the board’s plainsawn section have very different faces. Two are plainsawn and two are quartersawn.

Mill the leg blanks square and cut them to final length. Lay out and cut the joints in the legs before you cut the tapers. This prevents you from mixing up inside and outside faces later on.

Click on any of the images to view a larger version.




2. Lay out the tapers

Draw tapers on both outside faces of each leg. I mark the outside faces on the top of the leg, where they won’t be removed by sawing or sanding.

Begin the taper 1/2 in. to 1 in. below the spot where the rail joins the leg. A short flat spot above the taper is barely noticeable. You need a small cushion here to make sure that after all the sawing, jointing and sanding is done the taper doesn’t accidentally run too far up the leg. If it does, you may get an unsightly gap between the leg and the rail’s end.



3. Use a red medium-tip marker

Use a marker and a wooden straightedge to draw the tapers. When you’re sawing, red is much easier to see than a pencil line, particularly on dark woods. This marker draws a line that’s about 1/16 in. wide, which serves as a guide for both sawing and jointing. You’ll saw along the line’s outside edge, then joint down to the line’s inside edge. This is easier than trying to saw a straight line 1/16 in. away from a thin pencil line.



4. Follow the grain

When you draw the tapers, follow the grain’s slope on both outside faces, if possible. This makes not only a better-looking leg but a stronger one, too. If this taper slanted the opposite way, cutting across the sloping grain, the leg would be weak.



5. Bandsaw the first taper

Saw the first taper, staying on the outside edge of the line. Begin at the thin end of the wedge, at the top of the leg. You’ll get a smoother cut here than if you start at the leg’s bottom and exit at the top. If you were to cut in that direction, going from bottom to top, the blade could prematurely slide out of the cut as it approaches the thin edge of the wedge, leaving a bump that’s awkward to remove.



6. Stop short, flip, cut again

On the first cut, stop before you reach the leg’s end; then back out. Leave a 1/8- to 1/4-in.-long portion of the leg uncut. The waste piece will remain attached to the leg and help support it during the next cut. Rotate the leg so the second taper’s layout line faces up; then make the second cut. Saw all the way through without stopping. Discard the second waste piece.



7. Snap off the waste

Snap off the waste piece from the first cut. It comes off quite easily, leaving a very small, rough ridge at the leg’s end. Remove the ridge with a file or chisel. This production-shop method of leaving the first waste piece attached is very fast—faster than cutting the piece off and reattaching it with tape or hot-melt glue. This strategy also works well with cabriole legs.



8. Joint the bandsawn surfaces

Joint the leg. Set the jointer to take a very light cut, about 1/32 in. Use a narrow push stick with a hook cut on the end to keep your fingers out of harm’s way. Take two passes to joint down to the inside edge of your layout line. You may need an additional pass to remove all the bandsaw marks, but that’s OK. There’s a built-in safety margin in the taper’s layout.



9. Chamfer the leg

Chamfer the leg’s end with a file or a block plane. I do this on all types of legs to keep them from splintering when pushed across the floor, but it’s particularly important on a tapered leg with a thin end.





This story originally appeared in American Woodworker January 2006, issue #119.

January 2006, issue #119

Purchase this back issue.



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