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AW Extra 7/25/13 - Precision Planing Jig

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Precision Planing Jig


Achieving exact thickness is really important when making splines to reinforce box corners. The splines have to fit perfectly in the saw kerfs—a few thousandths of an inch one way or the other can make a big difference.

I cut my spline material on the tablesaw, making it a bit thicker than needed, then plane it by hand to exact thickness using this adjustable jig.

Here’s how the jig works. The plane rides on rabbets cut into two rails. Both rails are tapered, like a wedge. You adjust the height of each rail by sliding it on a fi xed ramp attached to the jig’s body. To plane a spline, place it on the body of the jig, snugged up against the adjustable front stop, and start in. When the plane stops making shavings, you’ve reached fi nal thickness.

My jig holds pieces up to 1-1/2" wide, 12" long and 1/4" thick. It’s designed for a No. 3 plane, but it would be easy to make a larger version to fi t a wider plane. All of the parts are 3/4" thick hard maple; the body is glued up from two pieces.

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This story originally appeared in American Woodworker August/September 2012, issue #155.